Address – Bitcoin Wiki

Address

A Bitcoin address, or simply address, is an identifier of 26-35 alphanumeric characters, beginning with the number one or three , that represents a possible destination for a bitcoin payment. Addresses can be generated at no cost by any user of Bitcoin. For example, using Bitcoin Core, one can click “Fresh Address” and be assigned an address. It is also possible to get a Bitcoin address using an account at an exchange or online wallet service.

There are presently two address formats in common use:

  1. Common P2PKH which begin with the number one , eg: 1BvBMSEYstWetqTFn5Au4m4GFg7xJaNVN2 .
  2. Newer P2SH type beginning with the number three , eg: 3J98t1WpEZ73CNmQviecrnyiWrnqRhWNLy .

Contents

A Bitcoin address is a single-use token

Like e-mail addresses, you can send bitcoins to a person by sending bitcoins to one of their addresses. However, unlike e-mail addresses, people have many different Bitcoin addresses and a unique address should be used for each transaction. Most Bitcoin software and websites will help with this by generating a brand fresh address each time you create an invoice or payment request.

Addresses can be created offline

Creating addresses can be done without an Internet connection and does not require any contact or registration with the Bitcoin network. It is possible to create large batches of addresses offline using loosely available software implements. Generating batches of addresses is useful in several screenplays, such as e-commerce websites where a unique pre-generated address is dispensed to each customer who chooses a “pay with Bitcoin” option. Newer “HD wallets” can generate a “seed” token which can be used to permit untrusted systems (such as webservers) to generate an unlimited number of addresses without the capability to spend the bitcoins received.

Addresses are case sensitive and exact

Bitcoin addresses are case-sensitive. Bitcoin addresses should be copied and pasted using the computer’s clipboard wherever possible. If you hand-key a Bitcoin address, and each character is not transcribed exactly – including capitalization – the incorrect address will most likely be rejected by the Bitcoin software. You will have to check your entry and attempt again.

The probability that a mistyped address is accepted as being valid is one in two 32 , that is, approximately one in Four.29 billion.

Proving you receive with an address

Most Bitcoin wallets have a function to “sign” a message, proving the entity receiving funds with an address has agreed to the message. This can be used to, for example, finalise a contract in a cryptographically provable way prior to making payment for it.

Some services will also piggy-back on this capability by dedicating a specific address for authentication only, in which case the address should never be used for actual Bitcoin transactions. When you login to or use their service, you will provide a signature proving you are the same person with the pre-negotiated address.

It is significant to note that these signatures only prove one receives with an address. Since Bitcoin transactions do not have a “from” address, you cannot prove you are the sender of funds.

Current standards for message signatures are only compatible with “version zero” bitcoin addresses (that begin with the number 1).

Address validation

If you would like to validate a Bitcoin address in an application, it is advisable to use a method from this thread rather than to just check for string length, permitted characters, or that the address starts with a one or Three. Validation may also be done using open source code available in various languages or with an online validating instrument.

Multi-signature addresses

Addresses can be created that require a combination of numerous private keys. Since these take advantage of newer features, they begin with the newer prefix of three instead of the older 1. These can be thought of as the equivalent of writing a check to two parties – “pay to the order of somebody AND somebody else” – where both parties must endorse the check in order to receive the funds.

The actual requirement (number of private keys needed, their corresponding public keys, etc.) that must be pleased to spend the funds is determined in advance by the person generating this type of address, and once an address is created, the requirement cannot be switched without generating a fresh address.

What’s in an address

Most Bitcoin addresses are thirty four characters. They consist of random digits and uppercase and lowercase letters, with the exception that the uppercase letter “O”, uppercase letter “I”, lowercase letter “l”, and the number “0” are never used to prevent visual ambiguity.

Some Bitcoin addresses can be shorter than thirty four characters (as few as 26) and still be valid. A significant percentage of Bitcoin addresses are only thirty three characters, and some addresses may be even shorter. Every Bitcoin address stands for a number. These shorter addresses are valid simply because they stand for numbers that happen to embark with zeroes, and when the zeroes are omitted, the encoded address gets shorter.

Several of the characters inwards a Bitcoin address are used as a checksum so that typographical errors can be automatically found and rejected. The checksum also permits Bitcoin software to confirm that a 33-character (or shorter) address is in fact valid and isn’t simply an address with a missing character.

Testnet

Addresses on the Bitcoin Testnet are generated with a different address version, which results in a different prefix. See List of address prefixes and Testnet for more details.

Misconceptions

Address reuse

Addresses are not intended to be used more than once, and doing so has numerous problems associated. See the dedicated article on address reuse for more details.

Address balances

Addresses are not wallets nor accounts, and do not carry balances. They only receive funds, and you do not send “from” an address at any time. Various confusing services and software display bitcoins received with an address, minus bitcoins sent in random unrelated transactions as an “address balance”, but this number is not meaningful: it does not imply the recipient of the bitcoins sent to the address has spent them, nor that they still have the bitcoins received.

An example of bitcoin loss resulting from this misunderstanding is when people believed their address contained 3btc. They spent 0.5btc and believed the address now contained Two.5btc when actually it contained zero. The remaining Two.5btc was transferred to a switch address which was not backed up and therefore lost. This has happened on a few occasions to users of Paper wallets.

“From” addresses

Bitcoin transactions do not have any kind of origin-, source- or “from” address. See the dedicated article on “from address” for more details.

Address – Bitcoin Wiki

Address

A Bitcoin address, or simply address, is an identifier of 26-35 alphanumeric characters, beginning with the number one or three , that represents a possible destination for a bitcoin payment. Addresses can be generated at no cost by any user of Bitcoin. For example, using Bitcoin Core, one can click “Fresh Address” and be assigned an address. It is also possible to get a Bitcoin address using an account at an exchange or online wallet service.

There are presently two address formats in common use:

  1. Common P2PKH which begin with the number one , eg: 1BvBMSEYstWetqTFn5Au4m4GFg7xJaNVN2 .
  2. Newer P2SH type commencing with the number three , eg: 3J98t1WpEZ73CNmQviecrnyiWrnqRhWNLy .

Contents

A Bitcoin address is a single-use token

Like e-mail addresses, you can send bitcoins to a person by sending bitcoins to one of their addresses. However, unlike e-mail addresses, people have many different Bitcoin addresses and a unique address should be used for each transaction. Most Bitcoin software and websites will help with this by generating a brand fresh address each time you create an invoice or payment request.

Addresses can be created offline

Creating addresses can be done without an Internet connection and does not require any contact or registration with the Bitcoin network. It is possible to create large batches of addresses offline using loosely available software implements. Generating batches of addresses is useful in several scripts, such as e-commerce websites where a unique pre-generated address is dispensed to each customer who chooses a “pay with Bitcoin” option. Newer “HD wallets” can generate a “seed” token which can be used to permit untrusted systems (such as webservers) to generate an unlimited number of addresses without the capability to spend the bitcoins received.

Addresses are case sensitive and exact

Bitcoin addresses are case-sensitive. Bitcoin addresses should be copied and pasted using the computer’s clipboard wherever possible. If you hand-key a Bitcoin address, and each character is not transcribed exactly – including capitalization – the incorrect address will most likely be rejected by the Bitcoin software. You will have to check your entry and attempt again.

The probability that a mistyped address is accepted as being valid is one in two 32 , that is, approximately one in Four.29 billion.

Proving you receive with an address

Most Bitcoin wallets have a function to “sign” a message, proving the entity receiving funds with an address has agreed to the message. This can be used to, for example, finalise a contract in a cryptographically provable way prior to making payment for it.

Some services will also piggy-back on this capability by dedicating a specific address for authentication only, in which case the address should never be used for actual Bitcoin transactions. When you login to or use their service, you will provide a signature proving you are the same person with the pre-negotiated address.

It is significant to note that these signatures only prove one receives with an address. Since Bitcoin transactions do not have a “from” address, you cannot prove you are the sender of funds.

Current standards for message signatures are only compatible with “version zero” bitcoin addresses (that begin with the number 1).

Address validation

If you would like to validate a Bitcoin address in an application, it is advisable to use a method from this thread rather than to just check for string length, permitted characters, or that the address starts with a one or Trio. Validation may also be done using open source code available in various languages or with an online validating instrument.

Multi-signature addresses

Addresses can be created that require a combination of numerous private keys. Since these take advantage of newer features, they begin with the newer prefix of three instead of the older 1. These can be thought of as the equivalent of writing a check to two parties – “pay to the order of somebody AND somebody else” – where both parties must endorse the check in order to receive the funds.

The actual requirement (number of private keys needed, their corresponding public keys, etc.) that must be sated to spend the funds is determined in advance by the person generating this type of address, and once an address is created, the requirement cannot be switched without generating a fresh address.

What’s in an address

Most Bitcoin addresses are thirty four characters. They consist of random digits and uppercase and lowercase letters, with the exception that the uppercase letter “O”, uppercase letter “I”, lowercase letter “l”, and the number “0” are never used to prevent visual ambiguity.

Some Bitcoin addresses can be shorter than thirty four characters (as few as 26) and still be valid. A significant percentage of Bitcoin addresses are only thirty three characters, and some addresses may be even shorter. Every Bitcoin address stands for a number. These shorter addresses are valid simply because they stand for numbers that happen to commence with zeroes, and when the zeroes are omitted, the encoded address gets shorter.

Several of the characters inwards a Bitcoin address are used as a checksum so that typographical errors can be automatically found and rejected. The checksum also permits Bitcoin software to confirm that a 33-character (or shorter) address is in fact valid and isn’t simply an address with a missing character.

Testnet

Addresses on the Bitcoin Testnet are generated with a different address version, which results in a different prefix. See List of address prefixes and Testnet for more details.

Misconceptions

Address reuse

Addresses are not intended to be used more than once, and doing so has numerous problems associated. See the dedicated article on address reuse for more details.

Address balances

Addresses are not wallets nor accounts, and do not carry balances. They only receive funds, and you do not send “from” an address at any time. Various confusing services and software display bitcoins received with an address, minus bitcoins sent in random unrelated transactions as an “address balance”, but this number is not meaningful: it does not imply the recipient of the bitcoins sent to the address has spent them, nor that they still have the bitcoins received.

An example of bitcoin loss resulting from this misunderstanding is when people believed their address contained 3btc. They spent 0.5btc and believed the address now contained Two.5btc when actually it contained zero. The remaining Two.5btc was transferred to a switch address which was not backed up and therefore lost. This has happened on a few occasions to users of Paper wallets.

“From” addresses

Bitcoin transactions do not have any kind of origin-, source- or “from” address. See the dedicated article on “from address” for more details.

Address – Bitcoin Wiki

Address

A Bitcoin address, or simply address, is an identifier of 26-35 alphanumeric characters, beginning with the number one or three , that represents a possible destination for a bitcoin payment. Addresses can be generated at no cost by any user of Bitcoin. For example, using Bitcoin Core, one can click “Fresh Address” and be assigned an address. It is also possible to get a Bitcoin address using an account at an exchange or online wallet service.

There are presently two address formats in common use:

  1. Common P2PKH which begin with the number one , eg: 1BvBMSEYstWetqTFn5Au4m4GFg7xJaNVN2 .
  2. Newer P2SH type commencing with the number three , eg: 3J98t1WpEZ73CNmQviecrnyiWrnqRhWNLy .

Contents

A Bitcoin address is a single-use token

Like e-mail addresses, you can send bitcoins to a person by sending bitcoins to one of their addresses. However, unlike e-mail addresses, people have many different Bitcoin addresses and a unique address should be used for each transaction. Most Bitcoin software and websites will help with this by generating a brand fresh address each time you create an invoice or payment request.

Addresses can be created offline

Creating addresses can be done without an Internet connection and does not require any contact or registration with the Bitcoin network. It is possible to create large batches of addresses offline using loosely available software devices. Generating batches of addresses is useful in several screenplays, such as e-commerce websites where a unique pre-generated address is dispensed to each customer who chooses a “pay with Bitcoin” option. Newer “HD wallets” can generate a “seed” token which can be used to permit untrusted systems (such as webservers) to generate an unlimited number of addresses without the capability to spend the bitcoins received.

Addresses are case sensitive and exact

Bitcoin addresses are case-sensitive. Bitcoin addresses should be copied and pasted using the computer’s clipboard wherever possible. If you hand-key a Bitcoin address, and each character is not transcribed exactly – including capitalization – the incorrect address will most likely be rejected by the Bitcoin software. You will have to check your entry and attempt again.

The probability that a mistyped address is accepted as being valid is one in two 32 , that is, approximately one in Four.29 billion.

Proving you receive with an address

Most Bitcoin wallets have a function to “sign” a message, proving the entity receiving funds with an address has agreed to the message. This can be used to, for example, finalise a contract in a cryptographically provable way prior to making payment for it.

Some services will also piggy-back on this capability by dedicating a specific address for authentication only, in which case the address should never be used for actual Bitcoin transactions. When you login to or use their service, you will provide a signature proving you are the same person with the pre-negotiated address.

It is significant to note that these signatures only prove one receives with an address. Since Bitcoin transactions do not have a “from” address, you cannot prove you are the sender of funds.

Current standards for message signatures are only compatible with “version zero” bitcoin addresses (that begin with the number 1).

Address validation

If you would like to validate a Bitcoin address in an application, it is advisable to use a method from this thread rather than to just check for string length, permitted characters, or that the address starts with a one or Trio. Validation may also be done using open source code available in various languages or with an online validating implement.

Multi-signature addresses

Addresses can be created that require a combination of numerous private keys. Since these take advantage of newer features, they begin with the newer prefix of three instead of the older 1. These can be thought of as the equivalent of writing a check to two parties – “pay to the order of somebody AND somebody else” – where both parties must endorse the check in order to receive the funds.

The actual requirement (number of private keys needed, their corresponding public keys, etc.) that must be sated to spend the funds is determined in advance by the person generating this type of address, and once an address is created, the requirement cannot be switched without generating a fresh address.

What’s in an address

Most Bitcoin addresses are thirty four characters. They consist of random digits and uppercase and lowercase letters, with the exception that the uppercase letter “O”, uppercase letter “I”, lowercase letter “l”, and the number “0” are never used to prevent visual ambiguity.

Some Bitcoin addresses can be shorter than thirty four characters (as few as 26) and still be valid. A significant percentage of Bitcoin addresses are only thirty three characters, and some addresses may be even shorter. Every Bitcoin address stands for a number. These shorter addresses are valid simply because they stand for numbers that happen to embark with zeroes, and when the zeroes are omitted, the encoded address gets shorter.

Several of the characters inwards a Bitcoin address are used as a checksum so that typographical errors can be automatically found and rejected. The checksum also permits Bitcoin software to confirm that a 33-character (or shorter) address is in fact valid and isn’t simply an address with a missing character.

Testnet

Addresses on the Bitcoin Testnet are generated with a different address version, which results in a different prefix. See List of address prefixes and Testnet for more details.

Misconceptions

Address reuse

Addresses are not intended to be used more than once, and doing so has numerous problems associated. See the dedicated article on address reuse for more details.

Address balances

Addresses are not wallets nor accounts, and do not carry balances. They only receive funds, and you do not send “from” an address at any time. Various confusing services and software display bitcoins received with an address, minus bitcoins sent in random unrelated transactions as an “address balance”, but this number is not meaningful: it does not imply the recipient of the bitcoins sent to the address has spent them, nor that they still have the bitcoins received.

An example of bitcoin loss resulting from this misunderstanding is when people believed their address contained 3btc. They spent 0.5btc and believed the address now contained Two.5btc when actually it contained zero. The remaining Two.5btc was transferred to a switch address which was not backed up and therefore lost. This has happened on a few occasions to users of Paper wallets.

“From” addresses

Bitcoin transactions do not have any kind of origin-, source- or “from” address. See the dedicated article on “from address” for more details.

Address – Bitcoin Wiki

Address

A Bitcoin address, or simply address, is an identifier of 26-35 alphanumeric characters, beginning with the number one or three , that represents a possible destination for a bitcoin payment. Addresses can be generated at no cost by any user of Bitcoin. For example, using Bitcoin Core, one can click “Fresh Address” and be assigned an address. It is also possible to get a Bitcoin address using an account at an exchange or online wallet service.

There are presently two address formats in common use:

  1. Common P2PKH which begin with the number one , eg: 1BvBMSEYstWetqTFn5Au4m4GFg7xJaNVN2 .
  2. Newer P2SH type embarking with the number three , eg: 3J98t1WpEZ73CNmQviecrnyiWrnqRhWNLy .

Contents

A Bitcoin address is a single-use token

Like e-mail addresses, you can send bitcoins to a person by sending bitcoins to one of their addresses. However, unlike e-mail addresses, people have many different Bitcoin addresses and a unique address should be used for each transaction. Most Bitcoin software and websites will help with this by generating a brand fresh address each time you create an invoice or payment request.

Addresses can be created offline

Creating addresses can be done without an Internet connection and does not require any contact or registration with the Bitcoin network. It is possible to create large batches of addresses offline using loosely available software devices. Generating batches of addresses is useful in several scripts, such as e-commerce websites where a unique pre-generated address is dispensed to each customer who chooses a “pay with Bitcoin” option. Newer “HD wallets” can generate a “seed” token which can be used to permit untrusted systems (such as webservers) to generate an unlimited number of addresses without the capability to spend the bitcoins received.

Addresses are case sensitive and exact

Bitcoin addresses are case-sensitive. Bitcoin addresses should be copied and pasted using the computer’s clipboard wherever possible. If you hand-key a Bitcoin address, and each character is not transcribed exactly – including capitalization – the incorrect address will most likely be rejected by the Bitcoin software. You will have to check your entry and attempt again.

The probability that a mistyped address is accepted as being valid is one in two 32 , that is, approximately one in Four.29 billion.

Proving you receive with an address

Most Bitcoin wallets have a function to “sign” a message, proving the entity receiving funds with an address has agreed to the message. This can be used to, for example, finalise a contract in a cryptographically provable way prior to making payment for it.

Some services will also piggy-back on this capability by dedicating a specific address for authentication only, in which case the address should never be used for actual Bitcoin transactions. When you login to or use their service, you will provide a signature proving you are the same person with the pre-negotiated address.

It is significant to note that these signatures only prove one receives with an address. Since Bitcoin transactions do not have a “from” address, you cannot prove you are the sender of funds.

Current standards for message signatures are only compatible with “version zero” bitcoin addresses (that begin with the number 1).

Address validation

If you would like to validate a Bitcoin address in an application, it is advisable to use a method from this thread rather than to just check for string length, permitted characters, or that the address starts with a one or Trio. Validation may also be done using open source code available in various languages or with an online validating contraption.

Multi-signature addresses

Addresses can be created that require a combination of numerous private keys. Since these take advantage of newer features, they begin with the newer prefix of three instead of the older 1. These can be thought of as the equivalent of writing a check to two parties – “pay to the order of somebody AND somebody else” – where both parties must endorse the check in order to receive the funds.

The actual requirement (number of private keys needed, their corresponding public keys, etc.) that must be sated to spend the funds is determined in advance by the person generating this type of address, and once an address is created, the requirement cannot be switched without generating a fresh address.

What’s in an address

Most Bitcoin addresses are thirty four characters. They consist of random digits and uppercase and lowercase letters, with the exception that the uppercase letter “O”, uppercase letter “I”, lowercase letter “l”, and the number “0” are never used to prevent visual ambiguity.

Some Bitcoin addresses can be shorter than thirty four characters (as few as 26) and still be valid. A significant percentage of Bitcoin addresses are only thirty three characters, and some addresses may be even shorter. Every Bitcoin address stands for a number. These shorter addresses are valid simply because they stand for numbers that happen to commence with zeroes, and when the zeroes are omitted, the encoded address gets shorter.

Several of the characters inwards a Bitcoin address are used as a checksum so that typographical errors can be automatically found and rejected. The checksum also permits Bitcoin software to confirm that a 33-character (or shorter) address is in fact valid and isn’t simply an address with a missing character.

Testnet

Addresses on the Bitcoin Testnet are generated with a different address version, which results in a different prefix. See List of address prefixes and Testnet for more details.

Misconceptions

Address reuse

Addresses are not intended to be used more than once, and doing so has numerous problems associated. See the dedicated article on address reuse for more details.

Address balances

Addresses are not wallets nor accounts, and do not carry balances. They only receive funds, and you do not send “from” an address at any time. Various confusing services and software display bitcoins received with an address, minus bitcoins sent in random unrelated transactions as an “address balance”, but this number is not meaningful: it does not imply the recipient of the bitcoins sent to the address has spent them, nor that they still have the bitcoins received.

An example of bitcoin loss resulting from this misunderstanding is when people believed their address contained 3btc. They spent 0.5btc and believed the address now contained Two.5btc when actually it contained zero. The remaining Two.5btc was transferred to a switch address which was not backed up and therefore lost. This has happened on a few occasions to users of Paper wallets.

“From” addresses

Bitcoin transactions do not have any kind of origin-, source- or “from” address. See the dedicated article on “from address” for more details.

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